Grahan 2014: Chandra Grahan & Surya Grahan
A Grahan is believed to be harmful and some people assert that it gives insidious effects. Why is it considered as an inauspicious time? Is a Grahan really harmful? What are the remedies for it? Read this article to know more about the eclipses in 2014 and their effects.
There are four eclipses or Grahan in 2014. Among which, two would be solar eclipses (Surya Grahan) and other two would be lunar eclipses (Chandra Grahan).
Solar eclipse (Surya Grahan) will occur on April 29, 2014 and October 23, 2014. Lunar eclipse (Chandra Grahan) will occur on 15th April, 2014 and 8th October, 2014.
What Is Grahan?
An eclipse is an event when a celestial object is covered by the shadow of another object or one object covers another fully or partially. Basically, this term is used for an astronomical event. According to astronomy, when Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned; and either Moon or Earth comes between the rest of the two, eclipse (Grahan) occurs. There are two types of eclipses (Grahan): Solar Eclipse (Surya Grahan) & Lunar Eclipse (Chandra Grahan).
Surya Grahan (Solar Eclipse)
When the Moon passes between Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks the Sun, then it is considered to be a Solar Eclipse or Surya Grahan.
Surya Grahan in 2014
There are two solar eclipses (Surya Grahan) occurring in the year 2014. One is on 29th April, 2014 and the other one is on 23rd October, 2014. Let’s know in detail about the Surya Grahan 2014.
Surya Grahan On April 29, 2014
The annular (full) solar eclipse (Surya Grahan) occurring on April 29 will not be seen in India. It is falling on the new Moon’s night and will be visible in Australia, South of Indian Ocean and West of Pacific Ocean. According to Indian time, the eclipse will be seen from 9:23 am to 1:45 pm.
Surya Grahan On October 23, 2014
The partial solar eclipse occurring on October 23 will not be visible in India. It is falling on the new Moon’s night and will be visible in North America, Mexico and eastern remote area of Russia. According to Indian time, the eclipse will be seen from 1:08 am to 5:22 am.
Now, let’s talk about lunar eclipse (Chandra Grahan).
Chandra Grahan (Lunar Eclipse)
When Earth’s shadow falls on Moon or Earth comes between Moon and Sun, a lunar eclipse occurs. This can occur only on a full Moon night, when Moon, Earth and Sun are aligned exactly or closely. According to the different mythologies, the Moon is being swallowed by a demon during lunar eclipse.
Now, we will talk about the Chandra Grahan (lunar eclipse) occurring in 2014.
Chandra Grahan in 2014
There are two lunar eclipses occurring in the year 2014. One is on April 15, 2014 and the other one is on October 8, 2014. Let’s know in detail about the Chandra Grahan 2014.
Chandra Grahan On April 15, 2014
The lunar eclipse (Chandra Grahan) occurring on April 15 will not be visible in India. It is falling on the full Moon night and will be visible in North & South America, Antarctica, West Africa & West Europe, Asia and Australia. Ending lunar eclipse will be visible in Russia and the east of Australia. According to Indian time, the eclipse (Grahan) will be seen from 11:27 pm to 03:03 am.
Chandra Grahan On October 8, 2014
The lunar eclipse (Chandra Grahan) occurring on October 8 will not be visible in West and South part of India. It is falling on the full Moon night and will be visible in northeast & the mid areas of India, North America, Pacific Area, Eastern Asia and Australia. Ending lunar eclipse will be visible in all over India except West. According to the Indian time, the eclipse (Grahan) will start from 2:45 pm, will be in mid at 4:25 pm and end at 6:05 pm
Now, when you know about solar eclipse 2014 and lunar eclipse 2014, let’s know the Hindu mythological legend of Grahan.
Indian Mythology About Grahan
According to the Indian mythology, eclipses or Grahan are considered to be negative, as they put bad effects on the people who come under the sight of it. It is believed that chanting some Mantra during the time of grahan may even give you some positive effects.
Mantra to Chant During Grahan
According to beliefs, during the time of Surya Grahan (solar eclipse) this Mantra should be recited:
Om Adityay Vidmahe Divakaraye Dheemahi Tanno Suryah Prachodayat ||
(ॐ आदित्याय विद्महे दिवाकराय धीमहि तन्नो सूर्य: प्रचोदयात्॥)
According to beliefs, during the time of Chandra Grahan (lunar eclipse) this Mantra should be recited:
Om Kshirputrayay Vidmahe Amrit Tatvaaye Dheemahi Tanno Chadrah Prachodayat ||
(ॐ क्षीरपुत्राय विद्महे अमृत तत्वाय धीमहि तन्नो चन्द्रः प्रचोदयात्॥)
The Legend Of Grahan
According to the beliefs of Hindus, gods and demons once united to take out the elixir of immortality from the ocean of milk. Somehow, gods managed to protect the elixir from demons. The churned elixir from the milk ocean was served to the gods, but a demon pretended to be a god to acquire the elixir of life. As he was sitting between Sun and Moon, they got to know the truth and Lord Vishnu immediately cut off his head from his body. Unfortunately, demon had tasted a drop of the elixir already and he became immortal. From that time, this demon is considered to inflict revenge, whenever the Sun and Moon come near. Ever since, the head of the demon is called Rahu and the tail is known as Ketu.
Grahan Sutak (Inauspicious Time)
What is Sutak?
While witnessing Grahan in 2014, you might be concerned with Sutak too. The time of Sutak or Sutak Kaal is considered to be the inauspicious time during Grahan (eclipse). Generally, it is said that no auspicious work should be done during this time. The time of Sutak starts from 12 hours after the beginning of eclipse. The Sutak ends when we take shower after the Moksha (salvation) of Grahan.
Precautions During Sutak
According to Hindu mythology, there are some rules that should be followed during the time of Grahan Sutak:
- Meditation is considered to be beneficial at the time of Grahan Sutak.
- Idols of gods and Tulsi plant should not be touched during this time. The idols should be washed after the Sutak is over.
- The chanting of Mantras should be done by lightning a Deepak (wick lamp).
- Eating & Cooking food is prohibited during the time of Sutak.
- Urination or Defecation should be avoided during this time.
- Sexual intercourse & make up is prohibited at the time of Sutak.
- The Holy water of Ganga should be sprinkled all over the house after the Moksha of Grahan.
Pregnant ladies should take special precautions during the time of Sutak. They should not go out during the time of eclipse and should not have glimpse of eclipse. The rule of Sutak is not applicable for patients, children and old aged people.
So, if you are pregnant or any of your konwns is pregnant during Grahan 2014, this article will be a treat: Effects Of Grahan In Pregnancy
Although, Grahan put negative effects or considered as bad omens, but still you can protect yourself by following the requisite measures.
We hope that with this article, you will be able to keep yourself away from the negative effects of Grahan in 2014. AstroSage wishes the best for you for the year 2014.