Surya Grahan 2014: Earth Without A Sun
Surya Grahan in 2014 is occurring twice, on April 29 and October 23. Have you ever imagined that how does it feel when you wake up and realize that the Sun has vanished? Surya Grahan 2014 is approaching soon. Read below to know more about Surya Grahan 2014.
What Is A Grahan?
A Grahan or eclipse is the event, when a stellar body hides light from one celestial body by passing between it and the observer, and at times, between the body and its illuminator.
In 2014, we are going to witness four eclipses in total. Two of them will be solar eclipses or Surya Grahan, while, the other two will be lunar eclipses or Chandra Grahan.
Grahan takes place when the earth comes in between the Sun and the Moon, or when the Moon comes in between the Earth and the Sun. This takes place in the form of Surya Grahan (solar eclipse) or Chandra Grahan (lunar eclipse).
We bring you the Surya Grahan 2014 dates. Let's take a look at the dates of solar eclipse in 2014.
Surya Grahan 2014 (Solar Eclipse 2014)
Surya Grahan 2014 will occur twice in 2014. Let's take a look at the dates of Surya Grahan 2014:
- April 29, 2014: Surya Grahan or solar eclipse occurring on 29th of April, 2014 will not be visible to India. The continents of Australia, South America, North America and the Pacific will be able to view Surya Grahan 2014 or solar eclipse 2014. The timings for Surya Grahan (solar eclipse) 2014 is 9:23 p.m. to 1:45 p.m. (according to I.S.T.)
- October 23, 2014: Surya Grahan or solar eclipse is on 23rd of October, 2014. The continents of North America, parts of South America (Mexico), and parts of Russia will be able to view this Surya Grahan in 2014. The timings for Surya Grahan (solar eclipse) 2014 is 1:08 p.m. to 5:22 p.m. (according to I.S.T.)
Now, as you know the timings and dates for Surya Grahan in 2014 (solar eclipse 2014), we will discuss that why and how does a Surya Grahan or solar eclipse occur.
Let's take a look at Surya Grahan from a scientific as well as indigenous perspective.
Surya Grahan occurs when the Moon comes in between the earth and the Sun. This occurrence hereby obscures the earth and its source of illumination i.e. Sun. When Surya Grahan or solar eclipse takes place, the earth gets shadowed down by the intrusion of the Moon.
Surya Grahan or solar eclipse is a position of conjunction between the Sun and the Moon when the Moon partially or fully blocks the Sun. It takes place on a New Moon day. This tends the earth to have a dim or dark atmosphere around the sky.
Why Does Surya Grahan Occur?
The revolution of the Moon around the earth takes place at an interval of 29 and ½ days. Surya Grahan or solar eclipse occurs when the Moon comes in between the Sun and the Earth.
The condition of a solar eclipse takes place when the Sun gets in conjunction with the Moon on its path of revolving around the Earth.
The diameter of the Sun is around 400 times bigger than Moon and more to its fortune, it is around 400 times far as well. Due to the distance of the Sun from the earth, it looks of the same size as the Moon. This creates an illusion in our mind.
The Moon takes advantage of the Sun's disc and blocks the sunlight to reach the earth's surface. This causes the phenomenon of Surya Grahan or solar eclipse.
The solar eclipse is greatly feared, as it is believed to carry negative effects along with it. It is said that the inauspicious day of Grahan can block the bright moments of a person's life leading to negativity.
Since Surya Grahan is considered in such regards, there would definitely be reasons behind the assertion. Let's take a look at the legends of Surya Grahan or solar eclipse that makes the day worth mentioning.
Legends Of Surya Grahan
According to the Hindu Text of Matsya Purana, Goddess Dhanvantari emerged out of the sea with a pot of Amrit or immortal drink in her hands. Since the Amrit was considered to bring immortality, it ignited a fight between the gods and the demons present there.
To pacify the environment, Lord Vishnu disguised himself as Mohini and managed to receive the pot of Amrit from Dhanvantari. He gave the pot to the Devas or gods and resisted the demons from being immortal.
One of the demons, Swarbhanu faked himself as a god and somehow tricked to take a sip of Amrit. His pretence did not last for long as he was sitting between the Lord Sun and Lord Moon who exposed his identity to Lord Vishnu.
Since, it was the Sun and the Moon that led to his exposure following his death, he is believed to swallow the Sun and the Moon whenever they come near to each other. Thus, the day of Grahan is also associated with revenge that is said to come out in the form of a negative energy.
Rituals On Surya Grahan
Fasts are performed on the day of Surya Grahan. People perform fasts from 12 hours prior to the day of Surya Grahan and continue it till the breaking down of Grahan.
Remedies of the Sun are also a part of the proceedings of Surya Grahan when the effects are pacified with the chanting of Surya Mantra. It is said that Surya Mantra coordinates with the inner powers and strengthen them.
Temples remain closed on the day of Grahan, although temples of Lord Shiva are remained open as Lord Shiva embodies the symbol of darkness. Idols of deities are cleansed when the Surya Grahan gets over. People prefer to end the Grahan by taking a bath which is referred to wash away all the evils and sins from their bodies. It is considered to be a favorable period to recite Mantras or Stotras such as Gayatri Mantra, Mrityunjay Mantra, etc.
Beliefs About Surya Grahan
In India, it is still believed that the Rahu-Ketu engulfs the Sun on solar eclipse or Surya Grahan. Grahan is considered to be a carrier of bad fortune and affects a person's life, negatively. To minimise its ill effects, holy Mantras are chanted that is expected to bring positive energy in an individual's life. Here's one of the Mantras:
Surya Grahan Or Solar Eclipse Mantra
Om Adityay Vidmahe Divakaraye Dheemahi Tanno Suryah Prachodayat ||
What Is Surya Grahan Sutak?
Surya Grahan Sutak is an inauspicious period of the Grahan, when people do not step into important tasks. The belief state that an auspicious task may lead to failure if carried out during the Sutak period.
Sutak is also known as Ashouch. During Ashouch or Sutak, the contamination of the environment takes place and hereby it is advisable for the people to take protective measures during Grahan Sutak.
Surya Grahan is mostly considered for its negative impacts while there's no reason to panic during Grahan. We bring you some of the precautions that are needed to be taken during Surya Grahan:
- Avoid eating or consuming eatables during the Sutak time period.
- Urination is prohibited during Sutak period.
- Sexual intercourse is advised to be discarded during Grahan Sutak.
- It is preferred to be a good time to indulge in meditation.
- It is considered as the best time to venerate the Lord for his blessings.
- Avoid consuming food that is cooked before the Surya Grahan period.
- One should discard initiating any important task on Surya Grahan.
- Last, but the most important - it is advised not to view the sky during Grahan with unaided eyes.
Pregnant women are the ones who are believed to be more delicate towards the ill-effects of Grahan. Let's take a look at the precautions that are to be taken by the pregnant women to ensure their safety and the safety of their future offspring(s):
- They should not view the sky during solar eclipse or Surya Grahan.
- They are advised to stay indoors and not peep out of their houses.
- They should not wear or tighten saree clips or hair clips.
- They are suggested to be awaken during Chandra Grahan.
- They should not cut vegetables or involve in any kind of peelings, as such kind of actions can lead to a similar impact on their yet to be born child.
- Chanting of Santana Gopala Stotra is considered auspicious for the pregnant women during Surya Grahan Sutak.
Although, Surya Grahan is believed to carry major negative impacts, there are cautious measures for protecting yourselves. Do not panic! It's the time to react tactfully and neutralize Rahu's impact on your lives.
To know more about the Surya Puja, in order to pacify the effects of Sun, take a look at: Remedies For Sun.
We hope that this article will help you in treating Surya Grahan 2014 with a more cautious attitude.
AstroSage wishes you luck for the year 2014!