Sikh Holidays 2022: Sikh Festivals 2022 in India
Sikh Holidays 2022 by AstroSage refers to the list of Sikh Festivals 2022 and Holidays observed and celebrated by Sikhs and Punjabis all around India and the World. The word Sikh in Sikhism refers to a disciple or learner. The basics of this religion were laid down by Guru Nanak Dev Ji in the 15th century and it is distinct from the prevailing religions i.e. Islam and Hinduism. This religion believes in one God and emphasizes the equality of all human beings. The three main principles of Sikhism are remembering god, earning a living honestly, and donating 1/10th of the income for the welfare of others.
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The place of worship in Sikhism is called Gurudwara. Gurudwara is not only a place of worship but also provides shelter and food to the visitors. Gurdwaras usually display a highly furling saffron-colored triangular ‘Nishan Sahib’ bearing the khanda, which is the symbol of Sikhism and also gives the indication to travellers of the presence of Gurudwara.
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In all Gurudwaras, there is no special sitting arrangement and all the visitors are treated as equal. There is a continuous singing of hymns of Gurbani and sometimes, life and teachings of the Gurus are also preached. There is a common kitchen in every Gurudwara where Langar is served and people sit side by side and thus, shattering the barriers of caste, creed, rich, and poor. In every country, there are Gurudwaras and they are open to all.
Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism, was compiled by the fifth Guru named Guru Arjun Dev Ji. It consists of the verses of all gurus and also, some saints whose teachings were similar to that of gurus. It is a treasure of spiritual knowledge which enlightens the way of the light of mankind. Sikhs have great reverence for 10 gurus who gave the spiritual message of one timeless god, compiled in Guru Granth Sahib.
Sikh Holidays 2022 As Per Sikh Calendar 2022
|Sikh Holidays 2022 In India|
|Date & Date||Festivals|
|January 9, Sunday||Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti|
|January 13, Thursday||Lohri|
|February 14, Monday||Guru Harrai Jayanti|
|March 30, Wednesday||Guru Harrai Guryai|
|April 2, Saturday||Guru Amar Das Guryai|
|April 5, Tuesday||Guru Angad Dev Jotijot|
|April 6, Wednesday||Guru Hargobind Joti Jot|
|April 14, Thursday||Vaisakhi, Sikh New Year|
|April 15, Friday||Guru Harkishan Jotijot, Guru Tegh Bahadur Guryai|
|April 21, Thursday||Guru Tegh Bahadur Jayanti|
|April 23, Saturday||Guru Arjun Dev Jayanti|
|May 1, Sunday||Guru Angad Dev Jayanti|
|May 15, Sunday||Guru Amar Das Jayanti|
|May 23, Monday||Guru Hargobind Singh Guryai|
|June 3, Friday||Guru Arjun Dev Jotijot|
|June 15, Wednesday||Guru Hargobind Jayanti|
|July 22, Friday||Guru Harkishan Jayanti|
|August 28, Sunday||Guru Granth Sahib Jayanti|
|August 29, Monday||Guru Arjun Dev Guryai|
|August 30, Tuesday||Guru Ramdas Jotijot|
|September 8, Thursday||Guru Ramdas Guryai|
|September 10, Saturday||Guru Amar Das Jotijot|
|September 15, Thursday||Guru Angad Dev Guryai|
|September 20, Tuesday||Guru Nanak Dev Jotijot|
|October 11, Tuesday||Guru Ramdas Jayanti|
|October 19, Wednesday||Guru Harkishan Singh Guryai, Guru Harrai Jotijot|
|October 27, Thursday||Guru Grinth Sahib Guryai|
|October 29, Saturday||Guru Gobind Singh Jotijot|
|November 8, Tuesday||Guru Nanak Dev Jayanti|
|November 26, Saturday||Guru Gobind Guryai|
|November 28, Monday||Guru Tegh Bahadur Jotijot|
|December 29, Thursday||Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti|
Note: These dates are subjected to change accordingly. We will keep on updating the Sikh Holidays 2022 Calendar.
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Divine Gurus in Sikhism
Guru Nanak Dev Ji - Guru Nanak Ji was born on the day of Kartik Purnima in the year 1469 at Talvandi, now known as Nankana Sahib, now, in Pakistan. He was the first Guru of the Sikhs who spread the message of equality and social justice for all without caste, creed or colour. He emphasised that God is one, who is omnipotent and omnipresent. He is the symbol of truth, fearless, inimical to none and remains away from the circle of birth and death.
Guru Ramdas Ji- Guru Ram Das is the fourth guru of Sikhs and had true vision to the divine nature. He wrote many spiritual songs called Gurubani and some of them are related to marriage, and engagement ceremonies, etc. He was the founder of Amritsar city, which was earlier known as Ramdaspur. He invited people to settle down in the city and help them to establish their business and bless them with prosperity. In this city, there is a Gurudwara known as Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple), which is the most sacred place of worship for the Sikhs the worldover. There is a Sarovar surrounding the Gurudwara which has healing powers. The Gurudwara, known as Harimandir Sahib, has four doors which signify the principle of equality. In 2022, Guru Ramdas Jayanti will be celebrated on October 10.
Guru Har Krishan Ji- Guru Har Krishan is the eighth guru of Sikhs. He was given Girgaddi at the age of 5. Some people were astonished and questioned his being a Guru at this age. Amongst many people, there was a brahmin named Lal Chand who challenged Guru Ji and asked him to explained the verses of Gita. On this, Guru Ji told him to bring any person of his choice. Then, Lal Chand brought a person named Chajju, who was not only illiterate but also deaf and dumb. Guru Ji placed his mace on Chajju’s head and the latter got immediately enlightened and recited Gita to the satisfaction of Lal Chand. Lal Chand felt very much ashamed and apologized for his mistake and became the disciple of Guru Harkrishan Sahib. From there, Guru Sahib headed towards Delhi at the invitation of Raja Jai Singh. He stayed in his bungalow, now known as Gurudwara Bangla Sahib. Aurangzeb, the then Mughal emperor, wanted to meet Guru Ji but the latter refused to meet him. In the meantime, the epidemic termed as Chickenpox spread in Delhi. Guru Ji started treating the infected person but then he realized that it was not possible to treat every person and therefore, put his feet in a pond declaring that whosoever will drink the water of this pond, will be cured. Later on, he himself became the victim of a pandemic and relinquished the world at the age of 8.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji: Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born at Patna to Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, the ninth guru of Sikhs, and was known as Gobind Rai in the initial stages. At the age of 5, he left for Punjab and resided at Anandpur, the city which was established by his father Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib. When he was 9, he witnessed some Kashmiri Brahmins headed by Kripa Ram approaching his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, with a request to help them from the atrocities of the Mughal Emperor. The scene was witnessed by Guru Gobind Rai, who was only 9 years of age and wanted to know what the problem with these Kashmiri Brahmins was. On this, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib told Gobind Rai about the conversion of the Hindus to Islam forcibly by the Mughal Emperor. To stop this, they demanded the sacrifice of a pious soul and in response, Gobind Rai submitted to his father that who else is greater than you. Then, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib advised the Brahmins to tell Aurangzeb that if he succeeds in converting Guru Tegh Bahadur into Islam, we all will follow his footstep. Guru Tegh Bahadur was now satisfied that his son could shoulder the responsibility of Guru and left for Delhi to confront Aurangzeb. In Delhi, Aurangzeb asked him to accept either of the three conditions - either he should accept Islam or he should show miracles. Otherwise, he should be ready to be sacrificed. Guru Sahib went with the third one and sacrificed his life at the place where Gurudwara Sis Ganj exists in Delhi. His body was cremated at Delhi, where Gurudwara Rakab Ganj is situated while his head was taken to Anandpur Sahib by a devotee named Jaita and was cremated by Gobind Rai and the place is also known as Sis Ganj.
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Popular Sikh Holidays & Festivals 2022 In India
Guru Nanak Dev Ji Jayanti
Guru Nanak Jayanti, known as Guru Purab, is celebrated across the world on the day of Kartik Purnima. On this occasion, Nagar Kirtan is organised one day before the Gurpurab. A large number of devotees visit Gurudwara on this day where the hymns from Guru Granth Sahib are sung which is called Kirtan followed by Langar. There is a famous Gurudwara named Nanak Piao situated near Gujranwala town in Delhi. As per Sikh Calendar 2022, the birth anniversary this year will be celebrated on November 11.
Lohri marks the change of season and is celebrated in Northern India, especially, in Punjab. Every year, it is celebrated with great pomp and show on January 13. On this day, people collect some woods and cow dung and light the fire. They move around it singing and dancing. They offer sesame, Rewari, groundnuts, etc. to the fire and also distribute the same among the people present there.
This festival marks the harvesting season and is celebrated on April 13 every year. People of the Sikh community celebrate this festival as Khalsa was established on this very day by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru Of Sikhs. Sikhs carry out most of the auspicious activities on this very day.
The festival of Diwali is celebrated by most of the communities of India as Hindus celebrate it to mark the return of Lord Ram to Ayodhya after the exile of 14 years, similarly, the Sikhs celebrate this day to mark the return of their sixth Guru, Har Gobind Sahib Ji, from the Gwalior Fort.
Hola Mohalla is a combination of two words meaning ‘mock fight’. This festival is celebrated on the following day of Holi and was originated by Guru Gobind Singh Ji at Anand Pur Sahib. During this festival, mock fights are arranged between two sections of the people just to give them training to face the enemy where there is a need.
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