Navratri 2016 Dates & Information
To know more, please click here: Navratri 2016 Muhurat
Navratri is one of the most important events for Hindus. Goddess Durga visits her devotees within these 9 days and blesses them. Know all the required details about Navratri in 2016 along with the right dates and Muhurat.
What Is Navratri?
Navratri is the time when the universal mother, Durga is worshiped. The goddess is known as the remover of sufferings and troubles of life. According to the beliefs, it is the energy of Maa Durga, which carries out the continuous cycle of creation, conservation, and demolition of the universe. During Navratri in 2016, you can also worship Goddess Durga, and her nine forms to get her blessings. So, keep Navratri fasts in 2016 and please Goddess Durga to get your wishes fulfilled.
When is Navratri in 2016
- Navratri Dates: October 01, 2016 to October 11, 2016
Navratri 2016 Observance
Navratri is the time when the universal mother, Durga is worshiped. The goddess is known as the remover of sufferings and troubles of life
- Observance: Worship of Goddess Durga for 9 days, Fasting, Kanya Pujan on the last day.
- Type of Holiday: Religious Holiday
How To Celebrate Navratri in 2016
Each day of Navratri has some rituals, which are followed by all the devotees of Goddess Durga. Read the below described points to know the significance of each day.
- 1st - 3rd day : On the 1st day, a bed of mud is prepared and barley seeds are grown on it. This is known as 'Ghatsthapana'. These three days are dedicated to Maa Durga.
- 4th - 6th day of Navratri : These days are dedicated to the Devi of prosperity, Maa Lakshmi.
- 7th - 8th day of Navratri : Saraswati Mata is worshipped during these days. Devotees worship the Goddess to gain wisdom and knowledge. Yagna (holy fire) is performed on the 8th day of Navratri. Eighth day of Navratri is popularly known as 'Ashtami'. On this day, nine young girls are worshiped. This ritual of honoring and serving these girls with sacred food is termed as 'Kanjak'. These girls represent the Goddess Durga.
- Mahanavami : Navratri ends with the observance of Mahanavami. Some people conduct Kanya Pujan or Kanjak on this day.
5 Types Of Navratris
As per the Hindu Panchang, 5 types of Navratri are celebrated every year. Let's take a look at the names of these Navratris, along with their dates for 2016.
- Paush Gupt Navratri (January 17, 2016 to January 23, 2016)
- Ashadha Gupt Navratri (July 5, 2016 to July 13, 2016)
- Magha Gupt Navratri (February 9, 2016 to February 16, 2016)
- Chaitra Navratri (April 8 to April 15, 2016)
- Sharada Navratri (October 1 to October 10, 2016)
Let us now each of these 5 Navratris in detail.
Sharad Navratri 2016
Sharad Navratri is the main and most powerful Navratri in the year. In 2016, Sharad Navratri will be celebrated from October 1 till October 10. Sharada Navratri is popularly known as 'Garba Navratri', as the traditional dance, Garba is played on this Navratri. Ashwin Navratri and Maha Navratri are the other names of Sharada Navratri. Last day of Sharad Navratri is celebrated with zeal & zest, as Vijaya Dashmi or Dussehra is celebrated on this very day. West Bengal celebrates 'Durga Puja' during the last four days of Sharad Navratri. If we talk about North India, Sharad Navratri is the time to conduct and enjoy 'Ramlila'. The nine forms of Shakti worshiped during Sharada Navratri are:
- Annapoorna Devi
Take a look at the dates & days of Sharada Navratri 2016.
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 1||Pratipada||Ghatasthapana, Shailputri Puja||October 1, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 2||Pratipada||Chandra Darshan||October 2, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 3||Dwitya||Brahmacharini Puja||October 3, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 4||Tritiya||Sindoor Tritiya, Chandraghanta Puja||October 4, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 5||Chaturthi||Kushmanda Puja, Varad Vinayaka Chauth,Upang Lalita Vrat||October 5, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 6||Panchami||Skandamata Puja, Saraswati Awahan||October 6, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 7||Sashthi||Katyayani Puja, Saraswati Puja||October 7, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 8||Saptami||Kalaratri Puja||October 8, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 9||Ashtami||Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Sandhi Puja, Saraswati Puja||October 9, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 10||Navmi||Maha Navami, Navami Homa, Ayudha Puja||October 10, 2016|
|Sharad Navratri 2016 Day 11||Dashmi||Navratri Parana, Durga Visarjan, Vijayadashami||October 11, 2016|
Chaitra Navratri 2016
Chaitra Navratri is second most powerful Navratri in the year. This year, i.e. in 2016, Chaitra Navratri will be celebrated from April 8 to 15. Also known as Vasant Navratri or Basant Navratri, this Navratri is observed in the spring season. Chaitra Navratri commences on the first day of Chaitra month and ends with celebration of Ram Navami, the birthday of Lord Rama . Chaitra Navratri is the time to witness change in the climate, as 'Summers' start with Chaitra Navratri.
Let's take a look at Chaitra Navratri 2016 days & dates:
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 1||Pratipada||Ghatsthapana||April 8, 2016|
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 2||Dwitiya||Sindhara Dooj, Dwitiya||April 9, 2016|
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 3||Chaturthi||Gaur Teej, Saubhagya Teej, Tritiya||April 10, 2016|
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 4||Panchami||Varadvinayak Chaturthi||April 11, 2016|
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 5||Sashthi||Sri Laxmi Panchami Vrat, Naag Vrat Pujan||April 12, 2016|
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 6||Saptami||Skand Shashthi, Yamuna Jayanti||April 13, 2016|
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 7||Ashtami||Mahasaptami Vrat, Chaiti Chat, Vijaya Saptami||April 14, 2016|
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 8||Navami||Ram Navami, Sri Durga Mahaashtami, Annapurna Ashtami||April 15, 2016|
|Chaitra Navratri 2016 Day 9||Dashmi||Chaitra Navaratri Parana||April 16, 2016|
This Navratri is observed mostly in Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh.
Ashadha Gupta Navratri 2016
Gupt Navratri is known for Tantrik Pujas and other esoteric Hindu practices. Dates of Ashadha Gupt Navratri for this year are July 5, 2016 to July 13, 2016. Ashadha Navratri is popularly known as Gupt Navratri or Gayatri Navratri. It is observed during the Ashadha Shukla Paksha by the women of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Ashadha Gupt Navratri is dedicated to Goddess Varahi, one of the seven Matrikas (group of Hindu Goddesses). In Himachal Pradesh, Ashadha Gupt Navratri is known as Guhya Navratri.
Take a look at the days & dates of Ashadha Gupt Navratri 2016:
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 1||Pratipada||Ghatasthapana, Shailputri Puja||July 5, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 2||Dwitiya||Brahmacharini Puja||July 6, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 3||Tritiya||Chandraghanta Puja||July 7, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 4||Chaturthi||Kushmanda Puja||July 8, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 5||Panchami||Skandamata Pujan||July 9, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 6||Shashthi||Katyayani Pujan||July 10, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 7||Saptami||Kalaratri Pujan||July 11, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 8||Ashtami||Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Pujan, Sandhi Puja||July 12, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 9||Navami||Siddhidatri Pujan||July 13, 2016|
|Ashadha Gupta Navratri Day 10||Dashmi||Navratri Parana||July 14, 2016|
Magha Gupta Navratri 2016
February 9 to 16 are the dates to observe Magha Navratri in 2016. Magha Gupta Navratri falls during Magha Shukla Paksha and is also known as Shishir Navratri. It is believed that this Navratri is very auspicious for the Sadhakas and Tantriks. During the period of this Navratri, one achieves really powerful and effective Tantric powers; hence, Magha Gupta Navratri is the time for Tantric practices.
Have a look at the days and dates of Magha Gupt Navratri 2016:
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 1||Pratipada||Ghatasthapana, Shailputri Puja||February 9, 2016|
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 2||Dwitiya||Brahmacharini Puja||February 10, 2016|
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 3||Tritiya||Chandraghanta Puja,||February 11, 2016|
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 4||Chaturthi||Skandamata Puja, Kushmanda Puja||February 12, 2016|
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 5||Sashthi||Katyayani Puja||February 13, 2016|
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 6||Saptami||Kalaratri Puja||February 14, 2016|
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 7||Astami||Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Sandhi Puja||February 15, 2016|
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 8||Navmi||Siddhidatri Puja||February 16, 2016|
|Magha Gupta Navratri Day 9||Dashmi||Navratri Parana||February 17, 2016|
Paush Gupta Navratri 2016
Paush Navratri started on January 17, 2016 and was celebrated till January 23, 2016. Paush Gupta Navratri falls during Paush Shukla Paksha. As this Navratri is devoted to Maa Shakambri, it is also known as Shakambhari Navratri. Paush Gupt Navratri is celebrated mostly in Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.
Hence, on the auspicious occasion of Navratri in 2016, you can also worship these nine forms of Devi Maa and earn her blessings.
Goddess Of Each Day Of Navratri
Be it any of the five Navratris, the nine forms of Goddess Durga worshiped on each Navratri are same. Let's talk about all these 9 Avatars of Maa Durga.
Goddess Of Each Day
1. Goddess Shailputri
Navratri commences with worshipping of Shailputri . The goddess is the first form of Durga and rides on a bull with a trident and lotus in her hands.
Mantra: Om aim hring kleem chamundaye vichche.
2. Maa Brahmacharini
Brahmacharini signifies love, affection and loyalty. Also, known as the storehouse of wisdom and knowledge, the Devi holds a rosary and Kumbha (water pot) in her hands. Her sacred ornaments are the beads of Rudraksha.
Mantra: Ya Devi Sarva Bhuteshu Maa Brahmacharini Rupen Sansthita |
Namastasye Namastasye Namastasye Namoh Namah ||
3. Devi Chandraghanta
The goddess got her name as she has a half- circular moon on her forehead. With a golden colored look, the Devi has 3 eyes and 10 hands. Chandraghanta is the goddess of peace and tranquillity and is mostly worshipped in the state of Tamil Nadu.
Mantra: Ya Devi Sarvbhoote Shumaa Chandra-Ghanta-Rupen Sansthita|
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah||
4. Goddess Kushmanda
Kushmanda resides in Bhima Parvat and shines as the aura of sun. Her vehicle is a tiger and she has eight arms.
Mantra : Sura Sampurna Kalasam Rudhira Plutmev Cha |
Dadhana Hastpad Mabhyam Kushmanda Shubh Dastu Me ||
5. Skanda Mata:
The ocean of knowledge is this goddess who sits with her skanda (son) in her lap. She has 4 hands and 3 eyes, the Skanda Mata rides on a lion.
Mantra: Sinhasan Gata Nityam Padmashrit Kardvaya |
Shubhdastu Sada Devi Skanda Mata Yashashvini ||
6. Maa Katyayani
Maa Katyayani is known to bless the women with husband of their wish and choice. Observing fast for the Goddess is very helpful for the women whose marriage is getting delayed. Devi Katyayani gives strength and ability to overcome fears, diseases and miseries of life.
Mantra: Chandra Hasojvalakara Shardul Var Vahna |
Katyayini Shubham Dadhya Devi Dan Vaghatini ||
7. Maa Kaalratri
Maa Kalratri is the destroyer of ignorance and the enemy of darkness. She has black or blue appearance. The goddess has a donkey as her vehicle.
Mantra: Ekveni Japakarnapura Nagna Kharastitha |
Lamboshthi Karnikakarni Tailabhyakta Sharirani ||
Vaampadolla Salloh Lata Kanthak Bhushna |
Vardhan Murdha Dhvaja Krishna Kalratri Bhayankari ||
8. Maha Gauri
Maha Gauri shines as white as Moon and believed to be the Devi of compassion and peace. Riding on a bull, Maha Gauri holds a trident and drum in her hands.
Mantra: Shwete Vrishe Maha Rudha Shwetambardhara Shuchih |
Maha Gauri Shubham Dadhyanmahadev Pramodada ||
Siddhidatri is the Goddess who gives Shakti (power) to lord Shiva. It is because of her gratitude only that the lord became Ardhanarishvara (half men and half women).
Mantra: Sidhha Gandharvay khshadher Surair Marair Api |
Sevya Mana Sada Bhooyat Siddhida Siddhidayini ||
This Navratri, worship Maa Durga with complete devotion and enthusiasm. We have make sure that you don't miss out any of the essentials needed for Navratri Puja. To know the Puja materials for this Navratri, check out the following points:
- Shingar items for Maa Durga include red bangles, bindi, sindoor, red chunri, mehndi, kajal, red lipstick, anklets, mirror and nail polish.
- Lamp (Diya) which is burns throughout the Navratri days . It is known as Akhand jyot which wards off all the evil spirits.
- Coconut with its thin edge toward the temple.
- Kalash (earthen pot) is kept which is kept in the Puja room. It is filled with 5 Suparis (betel nuts), water, rice, sugar and a coin. A red color sacred thread is tied on the Kalash.
To begin the fast, the observer takes shower in the morning and wears neat and clean clothes. Durga Mata is worshipped and Aarti is done. Dry fruits of 5 types, fruits, mishri and milk are offered to the Goddess as Bhog. After this, devotees can take the food meant for Navratri. In the evening, Puja is done again and Aarti is done with lighting incense sticks (Agarbatti). Be ready to keep the Navratri fast in 2016 in the best way so that goddess accepts all your prayers and get them fulfilled in 2016.
Bhoga For The 9 Days
The nine different forms of Goddess Durga are served up with different Bhogas (food) for all the nine days. Here are the Bhogas for all the nine days:
- 1st day : Ghee is offered to Goddess Shailputri
- 2nd day : Sugar is offered to Maa Brahmacharini
- 3rd day : Milk/ sweets prepared from milk/ kheer
- 4th day : Malpua
- 5th day : Banana
- 6th day : Honey
- 7th day : Jaggery (Gur)
- 8th day : Coconut
- 9th day : Til (sesame seeds)
Food To Be Avoided During Navratri
During Navratri, several food items are avoided by the people observing fast. These food items are:
- Onion and garlic
- Legumes and lentils Common salt is not used and in place of it rock salt (sendha namak) is used.
- Turmeric (haldi), fenugreek seeds (methi dana), asafoetida (hing), mustard (sarson or rai), dhania powder (coriander powder) and garam masala
- Alcohol and non-vegetarian food
Navratri is the time for celebrations. Though, each state of the country celebrates Navratri according to its traditions and customs, but the two main highlights of Navratri are: Garba and Durga Puja. Let's throw some light on both these widely celebrated traditions.
Kolkata's Durga Puja
Kolkata celebrates Navratri with charm of Durga Puja. Grand celebrations are held in the honor of Maa Durga. Huge Pandals and statues of the Devi are arranged for people to assemble and worship the Goddess. Idols of the Goddess are installed in every home, community and society to seek the blessing of Maa. People of every age and caste enjoy the rituals to the fullest by mixing in the colourful joyous ambience.
Click here to know Durga Puja according to your zodiac sign - Durga Puja
In Gujarat, the major highlight of Navratri is the time for traditional music and popular folk dance, Garba. Gujarati community welcome Navratri with cheer, laughter, gathering and festive mood. Dressed in traditional wears and with colourful sticks (Dandia) in hands, Garba is accompanied with singing and music. The sticks or Dandia used in Garba depict the sword of Maa Durga. Colorful embroidered Cholis, Badhani Dupattas, Ghagra and the sparkling jewelry adorned by women are the captivating features of this traditional dance.
Difference Between Garba & Dandiya
Most of us are always confused about Dandiya and Garba and co-relate the two. We would like to break the confusion by telling you that Garba is performed before the Aarti; whereas, Dandiya is performed after the Aarti. Also, Garba includes only women, on the other hand, Dandiya is performed by women as well as men.
Enjoy Garba with the best Navratri Garba songs - Garba Songs
How can we miss out his grand celebration of Navratri in 2016 without discussing the dishes for these nine days. Devotees of Durga offer prayers to the goddess and observe fast to invoke her blessings. While strict observers consume only fruits and milk; whereas, partial observers consume on the following ravishing delicacies:
- Kutu Paratha/ Pakora
- Rajasi Aaloo
- Sabudana Kheer/Vada/Tikki
- Fruit raita/ fruits
- Arbi Laziz
- Vrat ke chawal
- Makhana/ Dry fruits
- Coconut/ coconut milk
- Milk and milk products prepared at home
Popular Navratri Songs
Double up the celebrations this Navratri in 2016, with some of the very popular Navratri songs:
- Aao Meri Sherawali Maa
- Ambe Tu Hai Jagdambe Kali
- Aaja Maa Tenu Akhiyan Udik Diya
- Aaja Maa Ghar Mere
Colors To Wear On Each Day
Navratri is not only the time to offer prayers to Maa Durga, but is also the time to wear nine different colors. Have a look at each of these colors and make your Navratri 2016 different, ethnic, and colorful.
Day 1 : Grey
Day 2: Orange
Day 3 : White
Day 4 : Red
Day 5 : Blue
Day 6 : Yellow
Day 7: Green
Day 8 : Peacock green
Day 9 : Purple
We hope that this article must have boosted your knowledge regarding all the 5 Navratris celebrated every year. With this article on Navratri 2016, please Goddess Durga and her manifestations to earn her blessings and Shakti for a fearless and successful life.
We wish you all a very Happy Navratri 2016!