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Islamic Calendar 2020: Hijri Calendar, Muslim Festivals
Islamic Calendar 2020 provides you the complete list of Muslim festivals throughout the India and world. Every religion has its own importance which is preserved by the various cultural practices followed by them. Islam is the second largest with a huge list of followers in the world and one of the fastest growing religions of the world. The religion has a belief that says “God is one”. Muhammad is believed to be the messenger of God in Islam and the followers are known to be Muslims. One of the most important things which preserve the culture of Muslims is the Hijri or Islamic Calendar. It is a thing you can find at home of every Muslim as it has the details of every important date for them.
According to Islamic Calendar 2020, the Hijri Calendar holds high importance, as the values that Islam promotes in the form of festivals and important benchmarks can be seen in the calendar. People have been following the values passed by Prophet Muhammad from years and that is why people are more religious. Teachings of Muhammad are spread worldwide and not only Muslims but people of other religion take equal part in festivals like Eid where friends and family meet and a grand feast is cooked for everyone. Spirituality is something that a pure soul beholds and is important for a peaceful and happy life.
Islamic Calendar 2020: Hijri/Islamic/Arabic Calendar
|Gregorian Date||Gregorian Day||Holidays||Hijri/Islamic Date (1441-1442 AH)|
|8 Mar. 2020||Sunday||Birthday of ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib||13 Rajab 1441 AH|
|22 Mar. 2020||Sunday||Laylat al-Mi'raj (Israk Mikraj)||27 Rajab [e] 1441 AH|
|8 Apr. 2020||Wednesday||Laylat al-Bara'at||15 Sha‘bān 1441 AH|
|8 Apr. 2020||Wednesday||Birthday of Muhammad al-Mahdī||15 Sha‘bān 1441 AH|
|24 Apr. 2020||Friday||First day of Ramaḍān||1 Ramaḍān 1441 AH|
|Between 12 & 22 May 2020||Tuesday - Friday||Laylat al-Qadr||19, 21, 23, 25, 27, or 29 Ramaḍān[f] 1441 AH|
|23 May 2020||Saturday||Chaand Raat||29 or 30 Ramaḍān[h] 1441 AH|
|24 May 2020||Sunday||Eid al-Fitr||1 Shawwāl 1441 AH|
|29 July – 3 Aug. 2020||Wednesday - Monday||Hajj||8–13 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH|
|30 July 2020||Thursday||Day of Arafah||9 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH|
|31 July 2020||Friday||Eid al-Adha||10 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH|
|8 Aug. 2020||Saturday||Eid al-Ghadeer||18 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH|
|14 Aug. 2020||Friday||Eid al-Mubahalah||10 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH|
|20 Aug. 2020||Thursday||Islamic New Year||1 Muḥarram 1442 AH|
|29 Aug 2020||Saturday||Ashura||10 Muḥarram 1442 AH|
|8 Oct. 2020||Thursday||Arba'een||20 Ṣafar 1442 AH|
|26 Oct. 2020||Monday||Eid-e-Shuja' (Eid-e-Zahra)||9 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 1442 AH|
|29 Oct. 2020||Thursday||Mawlid an-Nabī (Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday)||12 Rabī‘ al-Awwal (Sunni) 1442 AH|
|3 Nov. 2020||Tuesday||17 Rabī‘ al-Awwal (Shia) 1442 AH|
Know more about Indian Festivals & their Significance
Islamic Calendar 2020: Islamic Calendar History
The Hijri year refers to the era which began from the Islamic New Year in 622 AD/CE. This year holds its importance as it was when the Islamic God Muhammad with his followers migrated from Mecca to Yathrib, which is today’s Medina according to Islamic Calendar 2020. It was the year when Prophet Muhammad established the first Muslim community known as Ummah in an event. This led to the turning point in the World and Islamic history as a foundation of the first Muslim city-state was laid.
Hijri Calendar is a Lunar based calendar which consists of 12 months in a year just like the English calendar. The movement of the lunar cycle determines the months in the calendar. God in Islam is named as Allah and all the auspicious events that are related to Allah determine the important dates in the calendar. Every month in the Muslim calendar begins when the new moon is seen. The first day of Islamic New Year is the day of Muharram. 2020 is the 1441 year in the Hijri calendar. You can find all the important dates and festivals for Muslims in the Islamic Calendar of 2020.
Islamic Calendar 2020: Islamic Calendar Festivals
There are some festivals which hold a lot of importance in Islam. Islamic Calendar 2020 explains that these festivals are celebrated worldwide as the most auspicious events by Muslims. They are a way for people to fulfill their wishes for a happy life. Some of the most important days in the Islamic Calendar 2020 are:
- Eid Al-Fitr
This festival was originated by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and is celebrated as the end of Ramadan which is the Islamic holy month of fasting. It is marked as the first day of the Islamic month named as Shawwal which comes after the month of Ramadan. According to the history when Prophet Muhammad went to Medina people used to celebrate two specific days in the year which they said were the days of merriment in their lives. It was after that he declared two days as the days of happiness which are Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha celebrated till date.
After a month of fasting, people celebrate the new month with the Eid prayer which is known as salat and consists of two units known as rakats. The prayer is offered in an open field. It is forbidden to fast on this day and there is an obligation to do some act of charity this day and take care of the needy. After the prayers are completed, there is a gathering just like done in Eid Al-Adha where some special sweets which are exclusively made on this day are cooked and served to the guests and family. This festival will be celebrated on 24th May as mentioned in Islamic Calendar 2020.
- Eid Al-Ad
The word id means “festival” and adhan means “sacrifice”. This is one of the most important festivals of Muslims which is celebrated worldwide. This is the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. It is also known as the “Festival of sacrifice”. It shows the importance of God’s command for a man. It embarks the event when Ibrahim sacrificed his son as an act of willof of the will to God’s command. This event holds a lot of importance in the history of Islam when God provided a lamb to sacrifice instead of Ibrahim’s son. The lamb after the sacrifice was divided into three parts out of which one was given to needy people, the second part was kept at home and the third part was given to the relatives. This has a teaching in itself.
Devotees offer prayers at the mosque. The prayer is performed at any time after the sun completely rises up before entering the Zuhr time. After the prayers, Muslims exchange greetings and gifts are given to friends and family. Friends and family are invited for the grand feast in which the lamb is cooked and shared with everyone who comes for the feast. The halal domestic animal (lamb, goat, sheep or cow) resemble Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his only son to god. The meat of the animal is also divided into three parts just like Abraham did like the first part given to the people including relatives and friends, the second part eaten by the family and the third part given to the poor and needy people. People get dressed in their best clothes and special sweets are also cooked by women. This festival will be celebrated on 31st July as mentioned in Islamic Calendar 2020.
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This is the most important month in Islamic Calendar when fasting is done by the Muslims for this whole month. Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. It is believed by some scholars that fasting helps to gain spiritual power. It is known to teach a man to stay away from worldly desires and to focus on all the other blessings man has and are given by God. This period of time helps man to strengthen their bond with god and dive into the deep sea of their religions offering by giving up on food and taking prayer as a primary part of life.
According to the beliefs, fasting is done to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad. While fasting from dawn to sunset, Muslims are not allowed to have food, drinking liquids, smoking or engaging in sexual relations. Increased offerings of prayers and recitation of Quran are some of the practices that are made during the time of Ramadan. Food is to be consumed at a specific time frame which is again some special kind of food which is prepared while the whole month of Ramadan. In 2020, Ramadan will start on the 24th of April according to Islamic Calendar 2020.
There are some other festivals like Laylat al-Bara’at, Ashura and many others which are celebrated by all the devotees with equal happiness like the other festivals. This is an amazing opportunity for you to make plans for the whole year. You can plan all your
There are a lot of benefits of getting the Calendar and planning your year according to it. Some of them are listed below
- Get to know the main events coming up in the year
- All the important things like birthdays, anniversaries and weddings can be planned according to the calendar
- You can mark all the dates and organize your planner according to it
- You can always get to know more about the religion if you watch the calendar
- The festivals will be easier to understand and all the arrangements can be done prior if you get to see the calendar.
There are a lot more things in the Islamic religion which can make you want to know about the history and the origins of great stories. When it comes to religionto religion there is a lot to know and learn from and if it is the second most followed religion it would have a lot to teach. To watch the calendar and plan according to it is always the best way to stay prepared for the coming year, month or week. Even when it comes to looking back to the time it is always helpful to flip the pages of your calendar or planner where you have all the events marked.
Have a look at the Islamic Calendar 2020 and you can plan the year according to yourself and all the best for all your future endeavors.